You’ve probably heard about gut microflora and how it affects the functioning of the entire body. The first association with probiotics and prebiotics is precisely with the intestinal area. However, this is not the only place in our body where microbiota occurs.
What is the skin microbiome?
Microorganisms present on the skin make up its microbiome. They include bacteria, viruses, and mites. Their task is to protect against pathogenic microorganisms. For the microflora to fulfill its functions, its balance must be maintained – a balance between “good” organisms and pathogens. Environmental factors such as pollution, temperature changes, poor diet, or stress can disrupt it. Improper balance of the skin microbiome can lead to various skin problems, such as acne, atopic dermatitis, or dryness. Introducing probiotics and prebiotics into skincare helps maintain this balance.
What are probiotics and prebiotics?
Probiotics and prebiotics are two different types of ingredients used in cosmetics for skin care. How do they differ? Probiotics are living microorganisms, such as bacteria, which are introduced into cosmetics to improve the skin’s microflora. Prebiotics are ingredients that affect the growth and development of positive bacteria already present on the skin. These are usually substances with nutritional properties that provide food for beneficial bacteria on the skin and help them maintain a healthy population.
What are synbiotics?
A synbiotic is a combination of probiotics and prebiotics in one product. They combine good bacteria with food for them. They will be the most effective cosmetics in rebuilding and strengthening the skin microbiome.
How to find prebiotics and probiotics in the ingredients of cosmetics?
If you want to introduce probiotics into your skincare, you will find them under the name:
- Bifida Ferment Lysate,
Meanwhile, prebiotics will be named:
- Alpha-Glucan Oligosaccharide.
The main benefits of using prebiotics in skincare are:
- Stimulating the renewal of the hydrolipid barrier.
- Maintaining the proper pH of the skin
- Inhibiting the growth of pathogens
- Protecting against harmful external factors
The above action results in:
- Improved skin moisturization
- Reduction of acne, infections, and inflammations
Regular use of cosmetics with prebiotics leads to an overall better appearance of the skin and can help reduce redness, dryness, and roughness.
For which skin types are cosmetics with probiotics and prebiotics?
Considering the above action of these ingredients in cosmetics, skin types such as acne-prone, dry, or atopic should be particularly interested in introducing them into skincare. However, all skin types can use them with confidence.
Cosmetics with probiotics and prebiotics
It is easy to find products with these ingredients on drugstore shelves or in online stores. The most popular ones are:
- Bielenda Professional Supremelab Microbiome series
- ProBio Soraya series
- Apis – Synbiotic Home Care – Cream with Probiotics and Prebiotics for Day
- SkinTra – Everything What Your Skin Will Love – Prebiotic Skincare Tonic