Sunburns – how to relieve them? After-sun care

Spring and summer are approaching, and we all look forward to the sun and the opportunity to bask in its rays. The sun provides energy that is crucial for life. However, to enjoy its benefits, it is important to remember to use it responsibly and carefully, so as not to harm ourselves or our skin. Sunburn is a common problem. Read on to learn how to deal with and prevent it.

Symptoms of sunburn

Symptoms of sunburn may vary depending on the severity of the burn, but here are some of the most common symptoms:

  • Pink or red skin that may be painful or burning.
  • Swelling of the skin around the burn area.
  • Blisters or fluid-filled bumps on the skin that may burst and leak fluid.
  • Dryness and itching of the skin. Fever, chills, and headaches.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Weakness and fatigue.

For more severe sunburns, symptoms may include:

  • Muscle and joint pain.
  • Fainting or loss of consciousness.
  • Fluid loss and dehydration.
  • Difficulty breathing.

If you have a severe sunburn, seek medical attention immediately or go to the emergency room.

How to alleviate pain and irritation of the skin after sunburn?

Sunburn can be very painful and irritating to the skin. Here are a few ways to alleviate the pain and irritation of sunburn:

  • Cool the skin – cooling the skin is one of the best ways to alleviate pain and irritation. You can do this by applying cool compresses to the burned skin or using cool water during a bath or shower.
  • Moisturize the skin – sunburned skin is often very dry. To alleviate the pain and irritation, it is helpful to use moisturizing creams and lotions.
  • Avoid further exposure to the sun – sunburned skin is very sensitive and susceptible to further damage. It is therefore important to avoid further exposure to the sun and to wear sunscreen.
  • Drink plenty of water – sunburn can lead to dehydration. It is important to drink plenty of water and avoid alcohol and caffeine.
  • Use aloe – aloe is known for its soothing and moisturizing properties for the skin. You can apply aloe gel directly to the burned skin or buy special products based on aloe.
  • Use hydrocortisone creams – for more advanced cases of sunburn, a doctor may recommend using hydrocortisone creams to alleviate pain and skin irritation.

What skincare products to use after sunburn?

If you experience sunburn, it is worth reaching for products that contain soothing and calming ingredients that can relieve pain and reduce burning. Such ingredients may include:

Shea butter, Aloe, D-panthenol, Vitamins A, E, F, Amino acids, Alantoin.

Examples of skincare products that contain these ingredients are:

Dermedic Sunbrella after sun balm
La Roche-Posay Posthelios soothing after sun gel

What are some home remedies for sunburns?

  • Milk bath – taking a milk bath can help soothe irritation and prevent blisters.
  • Yogurt, buttermilk – applying these products to the sunburned areas can help alleviate pain and reduce redness.
  • Olive oil – gently massaging olive oil into the affected areas can help moisturize the skin and alleviate pain.

How to prevent sunburns?

The best way to prevent sunburns is to avoid excessive exposure to the sun, especially during peak hours (from 11 a.m. to 4 p.m.).

Here are some tips on how to prevent sunburns:

  • Wear protective clothing – wear loose-fitting clothing that covers as much skin as possible, and choose materials that are lightweight and breathable.
  • Use sunscreen – apply sunscreen with a high SPF (Sun Protection Factor) to all exposed skin, and reapply every two hours or after swimming or sweating.
  • Wear a hat – wear a wide-brimmed hat to shade your face, ears, and neck from the sun.
  • Sunglasses – wear sunglasses that provide UV (ultraviolet) protection to protect your eyes and the delicate skin around them.
  • Stay in the shade – seek shade under trees, umbrellas, or other shelters to reduce your exposure to the sun. Avoid tanning beds – tanning beds emit UV radiation that can be just as damaging as the sun.

In conclusion, sunburns can be a painful and dangerous result of excessive exposure to the sun. By following these tips on how to prevent and treat sunburns, you can enjoy the benefits of the sun while protecting your skin and your health.

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